Colima is a state in western Mexico. It shares its name with its capital and main city, Colima, Colima. Colima is a small state, sharing a border with the Mexican states of Jalisco to the north and east, and Michoacán to the south. To the west Colima borders the Pacific Ocean. In addition to the capital city of Colima, the state’s main cities include Manzanillo and Tecomán.
Colima City has the distinction of being the first colonial city west of Mexico City, founded in 1523 by Gonzalo de Sandoval. It has not played a very prominent part in Mexican history because of its inaccessibility, and for the same reason has suffered less from revolutionary violence.
The first “Villa de Colima” was in Caxitlán, near modern-day Tecomán. However, poor conditions due to the humidity and bugs resulted in the founding of the “Villa San Sebastián de Colima” in what is now the city of Colima. The new location provided a better climate, lands better suited to cultivation, and proximity to mining.
Colima was made a Mexican state in 1857. Less than ten years later, Mexico’s President Benito Juárez, refusing to recognize French authority, moved the seat of government to Colima (1864-1867) and other locations until the French were driven from power and the capital returned to Mexico City.
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